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find the differences and commonalities between pre spanish era and spanish era?
Answer #1 for Questions: find the differences and commonalities between pre spanish era and spanish era?
When we discuss history, we consider continuities. Though the Spaniards and other colonizers have imposed various cultural changes upon conquest (16th-19th Century Spanish colonization – 20th Century American colonization – 4 year Japanese occupation), we cannot deny that continuities did exist.
Answer #2 for Questions: find the differences and commonalities between pre spanish era and spanish era?
1.) Gender inequality: prior to colonial rule, women had an equally important rule in the societal affairs of a bayan, with women playing the role of babaylan (cultural leader of the society). However, with the arrival of the Spanish priest, the babaylan’s cultural and religious role was undermined, and was simply relegated to the walls of the convent, or as assistants of priests.
2.) Concept of Civilization: our houses back then were light and mobile bahay kubos and this is because we did not have strictly defined boundaries then, rather we followed the leader, who is the center of the Mandala system (Datus). Whereas in the pueblo, Filipinos were forced to live in concrete houses of bahay na batos, where the center of power now was both church and state, represented in how the pueblo is built around the plaza with the church and the town hall being in the center (hence a more permanent and settled conception of civilization — following the Western concept of Civitas: Cities).
3.) Reduced Political Power of Filipinos: Though datus were co-opted into the Spanish administration as cabezas de barangay, their powers were now severely limited to that of tribute collection, devoid of their previous abilities and privileges to call men to arms, to have more than one wife, and have numerous slaves. This practice of denigrating Filipino political ability continued to the late 19th century with Filipinos being denied liberal reform. Even under the American regime, Filipinos were seen as incapable of self-rule, hence they were only given limited autonomy even during the Commonwealth period (we had no foreign affairs secretary under the Commonwealth hence we were not allowed to diplomatically interact with other nations — we still had to conduct our foreign affairs through the United States government).
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